With the growth in adoption of cloud, the enterprises are focusing on governance and cloud costs. As per the RightScale 2019 State of the Cloud Report from Flexera, 94% of enterprises globally are using cloud. Adoption of public cloud is 91% and private cloud is 72%. Whereas, 69% of enterprises use at least one public cloud and one private cloud.
Flexera is a computer software firm that helps enterprises make better decisions by bringing intelligence and insights about the software. It recently acquired RightScale to strengthen its IT asset optimization suite.
For the latest Cloud Adoption report, Flexera surveyed 786 tech pros about their adoption of cloud computing. The respondents came from various industries, including tech services, healthcare, government, education, telecom, business services, software, and financial services.
In this article, we have curated the key findings from “RightScale 2019 State of the Cloud Report from Flexera”.
Key findings of 2019 State of the Cloud Report:
1. 84% of organizations have a multi-cloud strategy
In 2018, the percentage of enterprises with multi-cloud strategy was 81%, which has grown to 84% in 2019.
Whereas, 51% of enterprises were having plans for a hybrid cloud strategy in 2018, which has also increased to 58% in 2019.
However, the number of enterprises that want to use multiple public clouds or multiple private clouds has slightly decreased.
Small and medium sized businesses (SMBs) choose to go for public cloud adoption, with 44% of them preferring either single or multiple public clouds.
2. 94% of enterprises are using cloud in 2019
94% of respondents are using at least one public or private cloud. Of them, 91% of them have adopted public cloud, whereas, 72% are using private cloud.
Further, the report suggests that public cloud (31%) is the top priority for enterprises, followed by hybrid cloud (28%).
17% of enterprises see a balanced approach between public and private cloud as the biggest focus. On-premise private cloud and hosted private cloud are the least priorities of enterprises.
Also read: Six steps to implement a successful multi-cloud strategy in your organization: RightScale report
3. On average, enterprises are using around 5 clouds
Enterprises are using 4.9 clouds on average across both public and private. On average, 3.4 clouds are already in use, while 1.5 cloud is in experimentation.
4. Annual public cloud spend is growing quickly
With the growth in use of public cloud, the amount spent on public cloud is also increasing. The annual public cloud spending is becoming a new line item in IT budgets, especially among large organizations.
23% of enterprises are spending at least $2.4 million per year on public cloud, whereas, 33% are spending at least $1.2 million per year.
The workloads in cloud by SMBs is fewer. As a result, they have smaller cloud bills. Despite that, 11% of SMBs said that their annual cloud spend is over $1.2 million.
5. 79% of workloads is being run in cloud
Enterprises are running 79% of workloads in cloud. Of these workloads, 38% is running in public cloud, while 41% in private cloud.
SMBs are running 78% of workloads in cloud, with more in public cloud (43%) as compared to private cloud (35%).
6. Over half of enterprises already have a central cloud team
To have a successful cloud-first strategy, enterprises are creating a central cloud team or a ‘Cloud Center of Excellence”. These teams are supposed to provide centralized controls, tools, and best practices to help enterprises speed up the use of cloud and reduce risk and costs.
Overall, 51% of enterprises are having a Cloud Center of Excellence, and 21% are planning to have one.
Talking about SMBs, 31% have a central cloud team, with 25% planning one.
The role of central cloud teams is to manage cloud costs, advise on applications suitable for cloud, set policies, and use automated cloud policies.
7. Governance, expertise and spend are the top cloud challenges in 2019
In 2019, 76-79% of enterprises consider governance, expertise, spend, security, and compliance as the top 5 cloud challenges.
Despite gaining more cloud experience, the management of cloud spending is still among the top challenges and is increasing. In 2018, 80% enterprises reported it as a main challenge, which has now increased to 84%.
Although enterprises are increasingly focusing on management of cloud cost, only a minority of them have started to apply automated policies for cloud cost optimization. These policies include shutting down unused workloads or rightsizing instances.
Further, enterprises are not taking benefits of the discounts offered by cloud providers. Only 47% AWS users are leveraging Reserved Instances, and only 23% of Azure users are leveraging Enterprise Agreement.
8. AWS continues to lead, but Azure narrows the gap with AWS
Amazon Web Services (AWS) is continuously leading the public cloud adoption, however, adoption of other public clouds is increasing faster, especially of Microsoft Azure.
Azure is bridging the gap between AWS, especially among large enterprises. Its adoption in last year has increased from 45% to 52%.
Google continues to be at the third position, followed by VMware Cloud on AWS, Oracle Cloud, and Alibaba Cloud.
9. Docker and Kubernetes continue to be most used container tools
The use of containers has increased over the years. Docker and Kubernetes continue to be the most used container tools used by enterprises. Adoption of Docker increased from 49% in 2018 to 57% in 2019.
Kubernetes usage witnessed the highest growth, increasing from 27% last year to 48% in 2019.
10. Ansible leads the adoption among configuration tools
Enterprises implement configuration tools as part of adoption of DevOps processes. These tools enable them to automate deployment and configuration of servers and applications.
Adoption of Ansible has increased from 36% in 2018 to 41% in 2019. Adoption of both Puppet and Chef are tied to 37% each.
Terraform has witnessed the fastest growth, from 20% in 2018 to 31% in 2019.
11. Serverless is the fastest growing cloud service
Of all the cloud services used by enterprises, the use of serverless is growing the fastest for second consecutive year. Relational DBaaS is the most used cloud service in 2019, followed by push notifications and data warehouse.
Machine learning, container-as-a-service, and internet of things (IoT) are the next fastest growing cloud services.
The full RightScale 2019 State of the Cloud Report is available here for download.
Images source: RightScale 2019 State of the Cloud Report from Flexera