Do the different types of cybersecurity terms confuse you? Know how each of them differ.

types of cybersecurity

The digital transformation has revolutionized the way we are using technology for day-to-day activities. However, this trend has made us prone to cyber risks as hackers are only getting smarter and finding new ways to invade our privacy and steal important data. As a result, protecting our devices and data has become an essential task to keep the bad actors at bay. In the market, there are many tools offering data backup, cyber security, network security, data protection and more. How are they different from each other and how can you implement them? To know about the different types of cybersecurity, read ahead!

What is cybersecurity? Know the different terms related to security!

Cybersecurity is the wholesome act of securing computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks and data from malicious attacks. It involves protecting the device and its data by implementing network security, application security, information security, operational security, and disaster recovery without affecting continuity.

Understanding the different types of cybersecurity

Information security

Preventing unauthorized access or alteration while storing data or transferring it from one machine to another can be referred to as information security. Information security is built on its three objectives – confidentiality, integrity and availability. In order to efficiently implement information security, organizations must apply policies such as access control policy, password policy along with mantraps, network intrusion detection systems, regulatory compliance, data support and operation plans.

Network security

Network security comprises preventative measures to protect the underlying networking infrastructure from unauthorized access, misuse, malfunction, modification, destruction, or improper disclosure. It creates a secure platform for computers, users and programs to perform their permitted critical functions within a secure environment.

Application security

It secures computer networks, along with software and device from vulnerabilities while network security protects from threats.

Critical infrastructure security

It aims to protect systems, networks and assets that are essential to a country and its economy. A strong critical infrastructure security posture is necessary to keep the system secure, resilient and high-performing.

Cloud security

Cloud security refers to protecting cloud data, applications and infrastructure from possible threats. It is necessary as more and more organizations are moving towards digital transformation and migrating to the cloud. Cloud security comprises procedures and technology to address external and internal threats to protect an organization’s cloud data and ensure business security.

IoT security

IoT security aims to secure internet devices and their connected networks from threats and breaches. It involves protecting, identifying, and monitoring risks while helping fix vulnerabilities from devices that can pose security risks to your business.

Vulnerabilities vs threats vs risks

Can you use these terms interchangeably? No. They refer to different situations and are addressed using different security measures.

Vulnerability is a weakness in your infrastructure, application, or procedures that attract the bad actors and give them easy access to your system.

A threat has the potential to exploit a vulnerability by taking advantage of it to cause damage to the system.

A risk is the likelihood of loss or damage to data arising from the exploitation of a vulnerability by a threat.

Are data protection and data backup the same?

Data backup is the practice of copying data from one location to another in order to protect it against disasters, accidents, or malicious actions. Losing the most valuable assets can cause major damage and disrupt business operations thus backing up all important files should be done regularly by every enterprise and individual alike! The server backups typically include all the necessary data for running your workloads. This can be documents, media files, configuration, etc., making it possible to preserve any type of information you want with a single restore operation when needed again in case anything happens on one system at work!

Data protection involves protecting valuable data from viruses, ransomware, user error and disasters. An important part of that protection is data backup. Data protection involves securing the network endpoints, with different modes of data recovery based on the type and value of data.

How to ensure cybersecurity, data backup and protection

Cybersecurity is one of the most important aspects of online safety. By understanding the different types of cybersecurity and how to protect your data, you can help ensure that your personal information and business data are safe from hackers and other online threats. Get a unified cyber protection solution that offers a range of services to help keep your system and information protected. Click here to learn more about our cybersecurity solutions or for assistance setting up a data backup and protection plan for your home and business.

Read next: 84% of IT leaders optimistic about their cybersecurity readiness: Confluera Cloud Research 2022

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