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Hyper-V vs KVM vs vSphere vs XenServer ─ comparing top hypervisors in 2019

Hyper-V vs KVM vs vSphere vs XenServer ─ comparing top hypervisors in 2019

Virtualization technology has played an important role in shaping up the web hosting and data center industry to its present state. The purpose of this article is to discuss server virtualization and different leading software for virtualization along with stacking up their features at a single place.

What is server virtualization?

Creating a virtual or isolated form of an IT environment is called virtualization. Typically, only a single application or operating system can be run by servers, which leads to inefficient resource utilization. When the servers are virtualized, a single server can run multiple applications and operating systems. It increases overall efficiency, as well as cost-effectiveness. The server virtualization software is generally referred to as a hypervisor.

Best server virtualization software in 2019

Citrix XenServer, Microsoft Hyper-V, Red Hat KVM, and VMware vSphere are the biggest players in the server virtualization market. Often, enterprises can’t decide which hypervisor will best suit their business.

A comparison between major server virtualization software on the basis of features and hardware requirements will make it easier for IT decision makers and end users to select the best hypervisor for them.

Comparison: Hyper-V vs KVM vs vSphere vs XenServer  

Note: The software have been placed in the alphabetical order of their names.

1. Hyper-V

Launched in 2008, Microsoft Hyper-V helps in expanding or establishing a private cloud environment. It promotes effective hardware utilization, improves business continuity, as well as makes development and test more efficient.

Microsoft Hyper-V server virtualizationFeatures of Microsoft Hyper-V for Windows Server 2019:

  • Persistent memory support.
  • Shielded VM updates.
  • Simple Two-Node clusters.
  • ReFS Deduplication.
  • Storage Spaces Direct improvements.
  • Windows Admin Center.
  • Encrypted subnets.

For further details about Hyper-V, you can read this PDF.

2. KVM

KVM (Kernel-based Virtual Machine), a part of Red Hat Virtualization Suite, is a complete virtualization infrastructure solution. KVM turns Linux kernel into a hypervisor. It was merged into the Linux kernel mainline in kernel version 2.6.20.

Red Hat KVM server virtualizationFeatures of Red Hat KVM:

  • Container support
  • Scalability
  • Overcommit resources
  • Disk I/O throttling
  • Hot plug of virtual resources
  • Low-cost virtualization solution
  • Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization programming & API
  • Live Migration & Storage Migration
  • Assign any PCI device to virtual machines
  • Red Hat Satellite integration
  • Disaster Recovery support

Read this feature guide about KVM for details.

3. vSphere

vSphere, the virtualization platform of VMware, is a set of products that not only includes virtualization, but also management and interface layers.

It provides a number of key components including infrastructure services (vCompute, vStorage, and vNetwork), application services, vCenter Server, vSphere Client, etc.

VMware vSphere server virtualizationFeatures of VMware vSphere:

  • vCenter Server: A centralized management tool used to configure, provision and manage virtual IT environments.
  • vSphere Client: vSphere 6.7 has the final version of Flash-based vSphere Web Client. Newer workflows in the updated vSphere Client release includes vSphere Update Manager, Content library, vSAN, Storage policies, Host profiles, VMware vSphere Distributed Switch™ topology diagram and Licensing.
  • vSphere SDKs: Provides interfaces for third-party solutions to access vSphere.
  • VM File System: Cluster file system for VMs.
  • Virtual SMP: Enables a single VM to use multiple physical processors at a time.
  • vMotion: Enables live migration with transaction integrity.
  • Storage vMotion: Enables VM file migration from one place to other without service interruption.
  • High Availability: If one server fails, VM is shifted to other server with spare capacity to enable business continuity.
  • Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS): Assigns and balances compute automatically across hardware resources available for VMs.
  • Fault Tolerance: Generates copy of primary VM to ensure its continuous availability.
  • Distributed Switch (VDS): Spans multiple ESXi hosts and enables considerable reduction of network maintenance activities.

Read this PDF for more information about vSphere.

4. XenServer

Based on Xen Project Hypervisor, XenServer is an open sourced bare-metal virtualization platform. It consists of enterprise-grade features that help enterprises to easily handle workloads, combined OS, and networking configurations.

XenServer provides improved virtualized graphics with NIVIDA and Intel and allows execution of multiple computer operating systems on same computer hardware.

Citrix XenServer server virtualizationFeatures of Citrix XenServer:

  • Site Recovery
  • Host Failure Protection
  • Multi-server management
  • Dynamic Memory Control
  • Active Directory Integration
  • Role Based Administration and Control (RBAC)
  • Mixed Resource Pools with CPU Masking
  • Distributed Virtual Switch Controller
  • In Memory read caching
  • Live VM migration & Storage XenMotion

For details, you can read this PDF.

vSphere vs XenServer vs Hyper-V vs KVM

Feature Windows Hyper-V 2019 vSphere 6.7 XenServer 7.6 KVM
RAM/Host 24TB 12 TB 5TB 12TB
RAM/VM 12 TB for generation 2; 6 TB 1.5TB 6 TB
1 TB for generation 1
CPUs/VM 240 for generation 2; 128 32 240
64 for generation 1;
VM Disk 64 TB for VHDX format; 62TB 2TB 10TB
2040 GB for VHD format
VM Live Migration Yes Yes Yes Yes
VM Replication supports Yes Yes Yes Yes
Overcommit resources No No No Yes
Disk I/O Throttling Yes Yes Yes Yes
Hot plug of virtual resources Yes Yes Yes Yes


Help us improve this article. Share your feedback with us in the comments below!

Disclaimer: This article has been updated on 11th January 2019 with information available on vendor websites and resources available in the public domain. The purpose of this article is to provide information about hypervisors of different vendors for general informational purpose only. Vendors may change their product features from time to time. Though we make best endeavors to ensure that the information is accurate and up to date, we do not guarantee its 100% accuracy or timeliness. 

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  1. Did you test XenServer 6.5 in 2018?
    In the details link is the link to XenServer 6.5.
    Check the feature in XenServer 7.3 (2018) here with the correct link:

    • Hi Marc, we have updated the link. Thanks for getting in touch!

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