Nasscom Community

Building Smarter: From Conceptualization to Implementation

Global corporate leaders are recognizing the value of developing sustainable operations. Environmental concerns are becoming more widespread as people become aware of the impact that human activity has on climate change.


In recent studies done by the UN Environment and the International Energy Agency, buildings and construction are responsible for 39 percent of all energy-related CO2 emissions. By 2030, the global building sector must lower energy intensity per square meter by 30%.


Many businesses are exploring the possibility of converting old buildings into smart ones. Smart buildings utilize IoT sensors to respond to tenant requests and manage resources to boost productivity, comfort, and reduce waste and costs. Globally, the smart building industry is expected to grow from $43 billion in 2018 to over $110 billion by 2026.


Buildings with Smart Capabilities: Overview


Smart spaces are buildings designed to be efficient and sustainable. This is a new concept in architecture and interior design. They are built to be energy efficient and have a low carbon footprint.


The goal of building smart spaces differs from enterprise to enterprise. While some organizations are motivated to reduce maintenance and energy costs, others aim to increase production output.


The key to a successful project is to establish a clear vision from the start. The interactions of various sorts of individuals with the facility, including workers, visitors, and contractors, can be defined in the final phase.

The Cornerstone of Intelligent Building Design

When designing a smart building, it is also vital to consider all the physical infrastructure that must be installed during construction to accommodate smart space technology.

While it may appear that smart buildings are mostly digitized, it is crucial to remember that all the physical facilities that must be constructed during development. For instance, each building section has unique sensing, power, and networking requirements. A rigid infrastructure cannot adapt to new applications or changing experiences. The concept of “smart ceiling” has been developed by one of the pioneers of the global ER&D space to tackle this issue.

“Smart ceiling” refers to a uniform architecture that encompasses all the infrastructure required for the sensors that produce the experiences defined. Consequently, in the design phase, different capabilities can be activated as needed in different spaces, making the building future-proof, and suited for future needs.

The “smart ceiling” enables reconfiguring the spaces to meet these and other unanticipated future needs, such as temperature scanning and social interaction measures. Implementing a smart ceiling from the standpoint of operations, intelligence, and experience can have a direct impact on the ROI and business success.

An Integrated System for Smart Buildings


Smart buildings can generate a great deal of data, especially when hundreds of dashboards are swiveled simultaneously. What businesses require is a modular, secure information aggregator that works on a complete platform and provides a consolidated view of all the data, allowing them to track their progress toward ROI more efficiently. The capacity to compare data also provides insights into inefficiencies in one area against another. This allows businesses to patch performance gaps and leverage the systematic structure for ongoing improvement and even upgrades during operations.


If the system or systems relates to a field service business application, work orders can be generated automatically for maximizing the time to resolution and the expense of settlement while providing active accountability for ongoing improvement. It also makes meeting cybersecurity and privacy requirements easier.

A system of systems makes it much easier to execute use cases involving multiple systems. By generating standard policies, the system of systems guarantees that there are no security holes in all the data of the business.  For instance, an employee books a meeting with a visitor using the calendaring and email systems in his company. As simple as this sounds, it already requires integration with the email system, visitor management system, and notification system. When an organization has a system of systems, these systems are already unified, ensuring seamless experiences like this and more.

Data-driven Smart Buildings are on the Rise


Facilities management applications built on the data from a set of systems include remote monitoring, problem detection, and predictive maintenance. Alternatively, building owners may choose to make improvements manually. The AI models are driven by the system of systems.


As the building matures, AI may be used to improve its systems and make it even more sustainable. When the data is gathered and unified from multiple systems, one can gain insights and construct intersystem models. For example, one can combine energy and occupancy data to create models that forecast energy requirements based on occupancy.


The Key to the Future


Building automation innovation to construct smart buildings and campuses is rising. However, when companies embark on smart building projects, they frequently find themselves at a disadvantage. This is especially true when the ROI on capital expenditure and health and safety requirements are enhanced.


Given these complexities, it is critical for businesses to collaborate with a smart building specialist that has comprehensive understanding throughout the whole lifespan, can generate demonstrated ROI, and has a complete platform that will manage all data demands.


Digital enablers can prove to be the much needed differentiator in this regard.

Share This Post