4 key components of a home solar system

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Home solar panel

Today, countries across the world are taking steps towards more sustainable sources of energy and eliminating the use of conventional power sources such as fossil fuels. As a result, the Indian government is emphasizing the adoption of solar energy, which has led to a significant increase in people opting for the home solar system.

In addition, India has an ambitious target of generating 450 GW of renewable energy by 2030, and by 2040 expects solar to hold 31% of India’s energy mix, compared to a mere 4% today. So, in this guide, we will talk about the essential components of a home solar system to help you get a better understanding of how it works. Plus, it will also help you make a more informed and conscious decision to make the switch to the energy of the future.

Solar electricity at home

Image Courtesy: Luminous

Solar Panels

Solar panels, also known as PV panels, help in converting sunlight into electrical energy. They are used in a variety of operations like generating electricity for homes and commercial establishments, telecommunications equipment, remote sensing, etc. But if you want to set up a home-based solar system, you can choose between two types of solar panels:

  1. Polycrystalline panels: They are made of a slice cut from a silicon block and consist of a number of crystals. Plus, they are less expensive to produce and best suited for Indian weather conditions.
  2. Monocrystalline panels: These panels are made from a slice cut from a single silicon crystal but are much more expensive to produce compared to a Polycrystalline panel.

Solar Battery

The solar battery is the energy reserve of the home solar system and helps in storing excess energy generated by the PV panels – which can be used once the sun is either down or obstructed due to climatic conditions. So, if you want your home solar system to be operational even at night, you need a battery pack, as without it, the system would be useless during the night or when the sun goes down. However, when purchasing a battery, always keep in mind your power requirements and get a battery that can handle the kind of load your home requires.

Solar Charge Controller

A solar charge controller helps you keep a tab on your solar battery’s vital stats via LED indicators. Plus, it also helps keep track of the power flowing into the battery and adjusts it accordingly so that your battery can charge more effectively and keep functioning at its optimum levels.


If the battery is the energy reserve of the home solar system, the inverter is the system that helps convert the DC or Direct Current generated by the solar panels into AC or Alternating Current for your home appliances. If you want the best output from your inverter, it’s advisable to go for a pure sine wave inverter as it’s the latest technology that works in complete silence and delivers adequate power while preventing equipment from overcharging, overloading, and overheating. Moreover, it offers a seamless experience compared to a modified sine wave or a square wave inverter, both of which take time to kick in during an outage.

Getting a home solar system makes for a great investment because while doing so, you are investing not in the future of energy but also the planet. So, if you are up for it, Luminous has a range of solar panels, batteries, charge controllers, and inverters across a range of budget, power, and design options that deliver maximum value for your money. Plus, you also get exceptional service lives, low-cost maintenance, superior customer service, and after-sales support. They have been a formidable player in the market and are known for their outstanding reputation in innovation and product development, so don’t forget to check out their complete line-up of home solar systems and solar packages and get started on your journey towards energy independence today.

Read Next: Should your company switch to solar technologies?

Guest Author- Kunal Hirwani

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